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Travel Agency and Tour Operation Business

TRAVEL AGENCY A travel agency is a travel consultant, tour organizer and a middle-man between the tourism service suppliers (hotels, car rentals, cruises, airlines, buses etc.) and the travelers. They are a one-stop travel solution provider who provides information on anything related to travel like information about travel formalities, visa information, accommodation, accessibility and other recreational facilities etc. They work on a commission basis and are an important establishment as they help provide business to the suppliers of services. Today’s Men are too busy to organize their travel itineraries personally. For example: A person wanting to travel to Thailand has to book tickets for airlines, sightseeing, hotels,…

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Learning Tourism Basics – PART I

What is Tourism? Tourism is an activity where tourists visits from his place of origin to a different destination staying at least 24 hours for leisure, business, mission, VFR (Visiting Friends & Relatives) or meetings and conferences. INTERNATIONAL TOURISM It is of two types: Inbound and Outbound. Inbound Tourism Tourism activities taking place from the visitors who are visiting a particular country/ destination which is outside from their original country. Example: A traveler visiting India from Japan is an Inbound Tourist and He is performing Inbound Tourism. Outbound Tourism Tourism activity taking place from the visitors who are visiting outside their original place of stay to other…

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Tourism Regulations in India

indian-passportInbound-Outbound Travel Regulations

A tourist is governed mandatorily by the laws and regulations of the country he is paying a visit to. For instance, a traveler from USA has to follow the travel regulations of India if He is visiting India or a visitor from India has to follow the same protocols of the other countries as well if he is doing an outbound tour. This is one critical concern that every tourist performing either Inbound or Outbound should be aware of. There can be basic travel requirements like Visas and Passports but sometimes there could be special permits as well. With these requirements being made, a tourist can enjoy a hassle free travel throughout.


Passport & Visa Requirements

Passports and Visas are legal requirements to enter India for almost every visitor. Nepal and Bhutanese Citizens have to show their Valid Identity Cards to verify their nationality while entering India by land. However, if they are entering India by flight from their own country or any other apart from China, they have to show a valid passport but no visa is required. But if they are flying from China to India then these travelers need to have both the passport and a visa. There are many kinds of visas issued in India (refer to the picture).

visa-typesFor travelers whose sole purpose is to visit India for tourism activities like recreation, VFR (Visiting Friends and Relatives), Sightseeing, Exploring, specific interests (yoga, cooking, healing etc.), a Tourist Visa is issued. Travel agents of foreign travel agencies and foreign tourists visiting India frequently for genuine tourism may be granted multiple-entry tourist visa with the condition that stay on each visit should not exceed 180 days. Visa on Arrival for tourist has been inducted on an experimental basis for the following nationals of 12 countries viz. US (recently inducted after Prime Minister Modi visited the States), Luxembourg, NZ, Finland, Japan, Laos, Vietnam, Singapore, Indonesia, Myanmar, Philippines, and Cambodia. This type of visa is valid for a period of 30 days with single entry facility granted by Immigration Offices at major Intl. Airports of India at BOM, DEL, MAA and CCU.


Moving within the mainland states of India is not restricted apart from a few. Basically, these places are mainly sensitive areas with tribal culture, rich biodiversity, International Border lines and group of islands. Under the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) Order, 1958 & 1963 no foreign nationals can visit in these 'Restricted Areas' without obtaining permit from authorities. Entry to these places would require a special type of permit for the visitor known as the Protected Area Permit (PAP) or Restricted Area Permit, which can be valid up to a maximum period of 15 days. The issuance of these permits differs from state to state. They are: Arunachal Pradesh, parts of Himachal Pradesh, parts of Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram, parts of Rajasthan, Lakshadweep (only Bangaram Island is opened to Tourists), West Bengal (Sunderbans Area/ Tiger Project Area), Sikkim (partly in the protected and partly in the restricted area), and parts of Uttarakhand.

Among these, 3 North Eastern States (Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland) of India have been leveraged from obtaining the PAP when visiting these places to boost tourism with exception of citizens from Afghanistan, China, Pak and Myanmar. Myanmar nationals would require prior approval from Ministry of Home Affairs if they are to move beyond 16km from the Indo-Myanmar border. Inner Line Permit (ILP) will be required for visiting Border States like Nagaland and Arunachal for the Indian Nationals.


1. Permit is valid for the specific route and the specific entry / exit point. Other than these no other routes shall be used.

2. PAP is for group of tourists comprising of two or more persons only.

3. North Eastern States of India (8 States) must be visited only by air. To travel within these states they may use National Highways or by flight. Visiting places of Interest within the state, if falls away from the National Highways, maximum amount of distance should be covered by NH roads only and minimize the utilization of local highways.

4. Permits that have expired will not be allowed to be used to stay in these restricted/protected areas.

3. Each permit holder must have enough photocopies of the permit to be deposited at every entry/exit.

Instructions to be followed by Travel Agents, Tour Operators and Commercial Accommodation Providers at Restricted/ Protected Areas

1. Travel and Tour operators must ensure that their tour group possesses valid RAP/PAP. Also making sure their groups do not visit places apart from their mentioned itinerary or delay on their stay with reference to the validity period.

2. Commercial accommodation providers must ensure that their foreign guests hold valid RAP/PAP during their stay. Other mandatory requirements include informing local police about the details of these guests as earnestly as possible.


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Tour Itinerary – Definition and Types

What is an Itinerary? Well it is a fundamental component of a tour package. In fact, itineraries are step by step plans of the tour which includes the origin, destination and all the en route places bundled along with travel basics like accommodation, sightseeing, transportation, and other kinds. Itineraries are designed depending on type of trips pursued by the tourists. Transportation can be air, surface or water. Accommodation can be guesthouses, hotels, motels, youth hostels, pent houses and so on. It has two segments viz. Inbound and Outbound. A few journey types can be – One Way Trip, Round Trips, Circle Trip, Around the World Trips and…

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A New Wave of Tourism in Manipur – Rural & Adventure

  Manipur is an abundant powerhouse of tourism resources because nature has munificently given a whole lot of good things that guests who visit this place are spellbound by its beauty. Countrified life, rustic civilization and unspoilt tranquility are a sight of awe to its travelers. The challenging trekking routes, tribal folk culture and recherché choices of adventurous activities are ready to let its visitors awe in delight. Tourism in Manipur recently got a boost after PAP (Protected Area Permit) was removed for the Foreign Nationals. And here it is on the itinerary for these travelers; the two forms of tourism with such huge potential that it somehow is ready to change…

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Travelling On A Tight Budget Made Easy

Are you thinking of travelling on a limited budget? Well here are a few tips that would prove really helpful throughout your entire tour. If you have decided to go for a vacation or a holiday then the first and foremost thing that you need to do is to plan them out. So our Tip No. 1: PLAN YOUR TOUR  Planning will include  • Your choice of destination (Where do you want to go?) • The number of days and nights to stay • What recreational facilities  and activities to be engaged at the destination (It depends upon your destination like if you are visiting Thailand you…

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Understanding The Tourism Barriers

You must have seen a number of websites around; a number of blogs and articles that contains all these charming descriptions on how tranquil a Tourist Destination is such. The writer uses such bewitching words in describing a destination that readers over the Internet are in all probability to be spellbound. And this does not mean it is bad to write good things about Tourist Attractions, Places of Interest, World Heritage Sites, the Spas, the good transport and accessibility of the place, the safaris, the hospitable good-looking guides (who speak more than 5 International languages), the balmy beaches, the corals and this list will go on. In…

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Kasauli – The Hidden Travel Story

  Gilbert Hill, Kasauli Kasauli is a cantonment and a small hilly town located in the Solan District, Himachal Pradesh. If you can remember Ruskin Bond, that versatile Anglo-Indian poet who writes those beautiful nature poetry and short stories; He was born here. And today let me take you to a quick bike trip to this beautiful hilly place as well as the nearby areas like Manki Point, Gilbert Hill and many others.  Today I’ll take you on a bike ride from Chandigarh to Kasauli and keep posting with relevant pictures so that you can visualize the whole picture in your mind. The total distance from Chandigarh…

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UGC NET June 2014 Tourism Administration and Management Paper II Answer Key

Here is the Solved question paper of June 29th UGC NET 2014, Paper-II TOURISM ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT by the Zinyor Team. We believe the solved answers are the best we could provide with our knowledge and expertise. However, we cannot assure a complete guarantee of the answers. These answers were gathered after a comprehensive research by our expert. If you have any queries of the questions, we are free to discuss and rectify just in case you have an opinion to share. 1.       Assertion (A): To curtail the crime against women, Goa’s Tourism Department has prohibited drinking alcohol on its beaches. Reason (R): Drinking alcohol is not…

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Why we need Tourism Professionals in Manipur?

Manipur tourism is going the next level with a different change in tourism infrastructure in the state. The only Airport (Tulihal International Airport), which is also a newly turned International Airport, is ready to handle flights from Myanmar for now. The infrastructure of Imphal is also changing rapidly with the expansion of roads, privatization of power suppliers, development of world class accommodation sector and even more. This service sector is still a very new concept to the local people and thoroughly need awareness. Indeed there are a number of tourism professionals from this sector and ready to handle a relatively amount of tourists for now. This doesn't mean there is no need…

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